
Math Activity Themes: Penguin Math 
Penguin Math ActivitiesThe movies have renewed interest in penguins. Use this captivation with penguins to sneak in some strong math activities. 
Penguin Math Mat
Use a penguin math mat to model addition sentences. Students may roll a die and place that many counters on one penguin. The student rolls the die again and places that many counters on the other penguin. Next, the student writes a number sentence in the spaces provided.
Variation: Insert the penguin math mat in a sheet protector and give student a dry erase marker. Have the student toss a die and make that many tally marks on one of the penguins. The student tosses the die again and makes that many tally marks on the other penguin. Finally, the student writes a number sentence in the spaces provided below the penguins.
Pascal's PenguinsPascal's Penguins is an effective introductory activity to the wellknown mathematical pattern known as Pascal's Triangle. Students must look for patterns in these penguin variations of Pascal's Triangle. The activity challenges students to identify patterns, fill in the missing numbers and write the next line in the pattern. Class discussion should encourage students to share all of the patterns they see in Pascal's Triangle and discuss how these patterns helped them discover the missing numbers.

Penguin Glyphs & Graphing Ideas
Penguin Glyphs
 Create a Penguin Glyph. Introduce the legend then present the sample penguin. Ask students to write about what the glyph tells about the person who made it. Next, have each student use the legend and construction paper cutouts to create his/her own penguin glyph.
 Teaching Heart's Penguin Unit includes a legend for a penguin glyph.
 Little Giraffe's Penguin Unit includes a glyph and other ideas for Penguin Math including a mat and lima bean penguins.
 Download a free Penguin template for making glyphs.
Penguin Graphs
 Research and Graph Penguin Weights.
 Research and Graph Penguin Heights.
 Research and Graph Penguin Populations using Penguin Links which present penguin information in very usable format for Gr. 12 students.
 Quick penguin graphs: different graph formats are suggested so that students experience a variety of ways to organize data
 Have you ever seen a live penguin? [clothespin graph]
 Compare student heights to penguin heights [double bar graph]
 What's your favorite kind of penguin? [bar graph]
 What's your favorite penguin movie? [pictograph]
 What's your favorite penguin book? [pictograph]
 How many dice tosses does it take to free all of the penguins in the Free the Penguins game? [line plot]
MathLiterature Connections: Penguins
365 Penguins by JeanLuc FromentalThe family in this book receives a penguin in the mail each day and these penguins quickly add up to take over the house and their lives. The book already contains measurement calculations, but the book also lends itself to some problem solving possibilities. After enjoying the book, continue with some of these problem solving activities:

Tacky the Penguin by Helen LesterThis book is a great literature jumpoff for a lesson on measurement. Check out these internet ideas to see how creative teachers have used a penguin theme to present measurement activities:

Penguin Counting BooksAfter students have experienced many different counting books, have young students create a Penguin Counting book to accompany the unit.

Additional Penguin Books:These books might also be used to complement a penguin math unit.

Penguin Games
Coordinate Graphing: Capture the Penguins GameCapture the Penguins Game uses the outcome of twodice toss to form a coordinate pair. Students toss two dice (one regular and one AF) in this fun game that introduces students to coordinate graphing in the spaces. Students form a coordinate pair based on the dice toss and capture a penguin, if possible. Students use the accompanying recording sheet to keep score during the game.

Number Sense: Penguin Bowling GamePlay the Penguin Bowling Game to provide mixed basic facts practice. Students toss 4 dice, then use the numbers from the dice throw and any of the four operations (+, . *, /) to form expressions to knock down penguin pins. They are trying to create expressions that result in answers of each number from 110. Students use a Score Sheet to record group scores as one does in real bowling games. Remember to model the scoring process, using an overhead of the scoring sheet, if students are not familiar with scoring regular bowling games. Teachers will especially have to model how to score a strike, as students will be strongly motivated to knock down all ten penguins in each round. 
Free the Penguins GameThe penguins are stuck on the ice floes. Only a roll of the die can free them to search for food in the ocean. Students will practice addition or subtraction facts as they try to be the first to free their penguins. Use mats with clothespin penguins for the most fun! These games are not only an excellent opportunity to practice basic facts but they allow students to collect data and reflect on the probability inherent in the game. Suggestions are included with this game for students to keep tallies of all dice tosses, organize the class data in a line plot, and then analyze the data for patterns and trends.

Penguin Problem Solving

Penguin Links
