Math Activity Themes: Bats

## Bat Math Activities

Bats are a common theme at Halloween.   Use these resources to capitalize on student interest in bats and develop student understanding of common mathematical patterns.

### Pascal's Bats

Pascal's Bats is an effective introduction to Pascal's Triangle. Students must look for patterns in this bat variation of Pascal's Triangle. The activity challenges students to identify patterns, fill in the missing numbers and write the next line in the pattern. Class discussion should encourage students to share all of the patterns they see in Pascal's Triangle and discuss how these patterns helped them discover the missing numbers.

### Bat Cave Bulletin Board

Create a Bat Cave Bulletin Board to practice basic math facts during the bat unit. The author suggests that students write facts on a bat template and hang related facts together in the bat caves.

## Bat Graphing Ideas

These graphing activities deliberately include varied options for graphing the results so that students become familiar with different graph models to replace the very common bar graph.

## Math-Literature Connections: Bats

### There Was an Old Lady Who Swallowed a Bat by Lucille Colandro

• After reading the book, investigate Batty Old Lady Probability, Students spin to collect all of the items the Batty Old Lady swallowed, and tally each spin on the recording sheet. They then calculate the total spins it took them to get all 7 items, and add that figure to the class data. Teachers may help students analyze the class data and learn about probability in the process. The pdf document includes directions, game mat, picture cards, spinner, recording sheet and writing to learn handout.
• After reading, enjoy the original There Was an Old Lady Who Swallowed a Fly book, enjoy the Old Lady and Probability lessons.
• Use the Old Lady reproducible for students to design their own versions of the story.
• Use Scholastic's Edible Estimation suggestion to incorporate measurement into this book talk. Scroll down the Scholastic page to locate this section.

### Bats on Parade by Kathi Appelt

This book is a literary introduction to square numbers and the patterns they form as square arrays.   The bats march in parade formation and different sections of the band, being different sizes, march in different arrays: "In nine rows of nine those trombones reported, while there, right behind them, the tubas retorted."   The pictures and rhyme reinforce the mathematics of the patterns and teachers can easily ask students to predict how many bats will be in the next section or ask them to figure out how many bats are in the whole band before reading those pages.   Add this book to your collection of problem-solving literature prompts.

• Multiplication Arrays: The book is a great introduction to multiplication arrays. Use the book illustrations to show students how to use an array to model a multiplication problem then ask students to create arrays for different multiplication facts.
• See examples of Student Multiplication Arrays created by a third grade class.
• Class on Parade Book: Challenge students to design an array and a rhyme for an original page in the Class on Parade book. Decide on a theme and let pairs of students work on both the math and the language for a page.

### Bat Jamboree by Kathi Appelt

Bat Jamboree introduces the triangular number pattern as bats assemble for the final number beginning with 10 bats in the bottom row, 9 in the next row, etc. to the very top row with 1 bat.   Students are introduced to the 55 bats in formation and their various acts but the book "isn't over until the bat lady sings."   Students will enjoy this introduction to an important mathematical pattern.   Teachers can find many problems that build upon this triangular number pattern and extend the experience.

• Student Written Problems: ask students to write original problems that use the triangular number pattern. Being able to write similar problems and solve them require higher-order thinking skills as students apply, synthesize and evaluate both the problems and the solutions.

### Bats Around the Clock by Kathi Appelt

Take a humorous dance through time.   Click Dark and American Batstand introduce a new dance each hour.   Students move through time, enjoy some rhyme and learn the names of some oldie-but-goodie dances along the way.

• Making Time: For the second reading, give students individual clocks and ask them to move the hour hand to the next hour and say the time before reading the book section for that hour.
• School Time: Provide copies of the School Time Template and have students choose a time in the school day, draw the hands on the clock, write a verse and draw an illustration that shows what the class does during that hour. Assemble the individual hours into a class booklet or booklets, depending on the number of students in the class. This activity is easily differentiated to feature time on the hour, or to use the real time schedule of activity changes the class follows. The template clock deliberately shows no hands, allowing teachers to customize the activity to the appropriate mathematical level of students in the class.

## Bat Problem Solving

 Night Bat challenges students to identify the pattern found in the number of insects the bat eats during the night feeding hours and use that pattern to find the total number of insects eaten during the night. Flying Bats also challenges students to identify the pattern found in the bats' formation as they fly back to the cave after feeding. Students must use that pattern to find the total number of bats flying in the formation. See The Math Forum's The Four Doors of Xanth for a logic problem that involves bats. A step-by-step solution is also provided in this Ask Dr. Math selection.